The arid Atacama Desert in northern Chile contains great mineral wealth, principally copper. The relatively small central area dominates in terms of population and agricultural resources, and is the cultural and political center from which Chile expanded in the late 19th century when it incorporated its northern and southern regions. Southern Chile is rich in forests and grazing lands, and features a string of volcanoes and lakes. The southern coast is a labyrinth of fjords, inlets, canals, twisting peninsulas, and islands.
The peso is the currency of Chile. The current peso has circulated since 1975, with a previous version circulating between 1817 and 1960. Its symbol is defined as a letter S with either one or two vertical bars superimposed prefixing the amount,$ or ; the single-bar symbol, available in most modern text systems, is almost always used. Both of these symbols are used by many currencies, most notably the US dollar, and may be ambiguous without clarification such as CLP$ or US$. The ISO 4217 code for the present peso is CLP. It is officially subdivided into 100 centavos, although there are no current centavo-denominated coins. The exchange rate was around CLP$600 to 1 U.S. dollar at the end of 2014; by August 2015 it fell to 694 per 1 US dollar.
First peso, 1817–1960
The first Chilean peso was introduced in 1817, at a value of 8 Spanish colonial reales. Until 1851, the peso was subdivided into 8 reales, with the escudo worth 2 pesos. In 1835, copper coins denominated in centavos were introduced but it was not until 1851 that the real and escudo denominations ceased to be issued and further issues in centavos and décimos (worth 10 centavos) commenced. Also in 1851, the peso was set equal 5 French francs on the sild, 22.5grams pure silver. However, gold coins were issued to a different standard to that of France, with 1 peso = 1.37grams gold (5 francs equalled 1.45grams gold). In 1885, a gold standard was adopted, pegging the peso to the British pound at a rate of 13⅓ pesos = 1 pound (1 peso = 1 shilling 6 pence). This was reduced in 1926 to 40 pesos = 1 pound (1 peso = 6 pence). From 1925, coins and banknotes were issued denominated in cóndores, worth 10 pesos. The gold standard was suspended in 1932 and the peso's value fell further. The escudo replaced the peso on 1 January 1960 at a rate 1 escudo = 1000 pesos.
The Dingling (Chinese:丁零) are an ancient people mentioned in Chinese historiography in the context of the 1st century BCE.
They are assumed to have been an early Turkic-speaking people,
whose original constituents mainly assimilated into the Xiongnu and Xianbei groups.
They originally lived on the bank of the Lena River in the area west of Lake Baikal, gradually moving southward to Mongolia and northern China. They were subsequently part of the Xiongnu Empire, and thus presumably related to the invaders known as Huns in the west.
Around the 3rd century they were assimilated into the Tiele, also named Gaoche (高車) or Chile (敕勒), who gradually expanded westward into Central Asia, expelled from Mongolia by the Rouran and establishing a state Turpan in the 5th century.
The Tiele were a collection of early Turkic tribes, largely descended from the Chile.
Origin and migration
The Dingling were a warlike group of hunters, fishers, and gatherers of the southern Siberian mountain taiga region from Lake Baikal to northern Mongolia. Chinese records do not mention the physical appearance of the Dingling, suggesting general homogeneity with people of the Asiatic region, and their name appears rarely.
in the fifth-place playoff ... “We have taken a lot of big steps over the weekend ... The Canadians began the tournament by beating Germany 24-5 and Chile 19-14 before losing 29-19 to the U.S. on Saturday. Carson said the team jelled as the weekend progressed ... “I thought (Canada) improved significantly over the weekend with some great young talent,” he said ... .
He turned it around however, and after chipping in from 74 feet short of the green at the ninth he heads into the weekend with a two-stroke lead over Beau Hossler, who also carded a 64, and Chile's MitoPereira, who signed for a 67.
Despite the change in temperatures, there’s still plenty of fun activities taking place in Greeley, Windsor, Loveland and other areas ...Spice up your weekend at the 2nd annual Chile Roast Fest at noon at 1245 Boston Ave ... Zia Hatch Company will be roasting up chiles for sale while attendees enjoy live music, special chile beer tappings, food and more.
Brereton Diaz had been among a group of English-based players who were set to be ineligible to play for their clubs over the weekend after four national associations - Chile, Brazil, Mexico and Paraguay - asked FIFA to apply a restriction over their clubs' decision not to release the players for international duty in the September window.
Brereton Diaz had been among a group of English-based players who were set to be ineligible to play for their clubs over the weekend after four national associations – Chile, Brazil, Mexico and Paraguay – asked FIFA to apply a restriction over their clubs’ decision not to release the players for international duty in the September window.
FIFA will allow Premier League players from Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Paraguay to compete this weekend after those countries agreed to waive a five-day travel restriction period, a source with knowledge of the matter told Reuters on Friday.
Premier League clubs that had prevented players from Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Paraguay from travelling to participate in World Cup matches will be allowed to play them this weekend.","content"."Premier League clubs that had prevented players from Brazil, ...
Brazil, Chile, Mexico and Paraguay agreed to waive their right to trigger a FIFA regulation in what would have been a bid to prevent players from competing for their respective clubs in England’s top division this weekend.